RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (2023)

As you may or may not already be aware, I am the sole developer of an RPG Maker 2003 game, the working title of which is Deep Graves (sometimes stylized as DEEP GRAVES).
I’ve been actively working on this project for just under a year, now – but I’ve been thinking about, and coming up with ideas related to this game since early 2018.

This post will serve as an introduction to the engine I’m using, a few of my inspirations, and some basic information about my game.
Although I’ll briefly touch upon my game, this post will primarily serve as an introduction to my inspirations (and history) as a developer. I’ll be going into a bit more depth on Deep Graves next week, in a separate blog post.

RPG Maker 2003

As stated by the introductory paragraph, the engine I’m using to develop my game is RPG Maker 2003.
Although some of you might already be familiar with this engine, it only seems fair to give it a proper introduction. Plus, I’ve some personal history regarding this software that’s relevant to this post.

RPG Maker 2003 is the English title of a Japanese software released in December of 2002 (RPG Maker 2003). RPG Maker 2003 is the third entry in the RPG Maker series, which started some time in the 90s, and is still active today – I believe the most recent title they’ve released is RPG Maker MZ.

Please note that when discussing the process of developing a game in “RPG Maker,” I am referring specifically to RPG Maker 2003. Although I have some experience in other RPG Maker titles, 2003 is the one I’m most intimately familiar with.

My History with RPG Maker 2003

The RPG Maker series is well known for its ease of use. Making a game in RPG Maker 2003 requires no coding experience whatsoever, which makes it an extremely approachable software for game development.
In fact, it was due to its ease of use that I started using the software in the first place. As a kid, I was always looking for game development engines that automated much of the development process (i.e. didn’t require any coding).

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (1)

In addition, I spent much of my childhood listening to video game soundtracks on YouTube, and the works of Nobuo Uematsu were among my most frequently revisited. My love for Uematsu’s Final Fantasy Original Soundtracks (OSTs) led to a fascination with the Japanese Role Playing Game (JRPG) genre.

I really couldn’t tell you why, but I always loved the idea of turn-based combat. I loved being able to watch animations play out in-full, one at a time, and I enjoyed the idea of enemies and players having to wait their turn to attack.

With that in mind, it likely comes at no surprise that I was drawn to RPGツクール2003 – the original Japanese version of the software, which was widely available for free throughout the early 2000s.
To be perfectly clear, I’m not sure of the legality of its distribution at that time, but it was not difficult to find. Nowadays, I think it’s only available for purchase.
As a kid, I didn’t have to look hard to find a free download, and as far as I knew at the time, it was just a free software.

Common Criticisms

Like I said, RPG Maker 2003 is an extremely approachable software that requires no coding experience whatsoever. This, on its own, would make the software pretty easy to use, but that’s not all it has to offer.
Software in the RPG Maker series always comes with a “RunTime Package” (RTP), containing a massive collection of default assets (sprites, sound effects, and music) – which I believe are also royalty-free. The RTPs for RPG Maker games are fairly robust, providing users with enough content to create a complete, full-length game.

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (2)

However, the quality of these assets varies pretty heavily (in my opinion, they’re rather ugly), and they’re not aesthetically consistent.
Of course, children (including myself, in the past) generally don’t care about that sort of thing, and might not have the ability to recognize these flaws.

This has led to RPG Maker receiving a bit of a bad reputation – as a sort of ‘baby’s first’ game development software, useful only to children, or lazy developers who are uninterested in learning coding. The built-in RTP assets are one of the most frequently cited issues with the majority of RPG Maker games.

Dissecting RPG Maker Games

In RPG Maker 2003, games are created and edited via “Project” directories (folders) stored on your computer.
Opening one of these folders in-engine will allow you to directly view and edit whichever game’s folder you opened – and yes, this includes (RPG Maker) games that you’ve downloaded.

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (3)

highlighted games are games not created/developed by me.
as you can see, most of the games I have installed were created by other people.

This aspect of RPG Maker 2003 has been inexplicably useful in my journey as a developer, granting me full, direct access to the development process of developers whose work I admire.

Games That Inspire(d) Me

While RPG Maker 2003 is certainly not the most powerful (or flexible) game development engine out there, it has a surprising amount of functionality built into its features.

Importing your own art assets is fairly easy (albeit slightly obtuse compared to more modern software), and the in-engine “Event Commands” provide users with a unique scripting tool, which can be used to make some incredibly appealing map and battle scenes.
With that in mind, I’d like to spend some time talking about a few of my favorite RPG Maker 2003 games, and how they’ve inspired me.


Although I’m not aware of any completed projects created by ranmaster27, he has uploaded several ‘tests,’ so to speak, to his YouTube channel.

a boss battle test created by ranmaster27, who is, in my opinion, one of the most creatively skilled RPG Maker 2003 developers.

The work of ranmaster27 has been a huge inspiration for me. As a child, I was completely awestruck by the fact that ranmaster’s bosses were animated, something which requires a ridiculous amount of very creative problem-solving to do.

Even now, after getting much older (and smarter), I’m still blown away by the gorgeous animations created by ranmaster, and the outrageous amount of effort that went into scripting seemingly basic elements of combat.
To be perfectly honest, I barely understand most of it.

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (4)

this is a small portion of the scripting behind Alex’s (the player character) attack command.
i.e. what happens whenever you perform a BASIC attack.

Please note that any comments you see were added by me. The original project does not have any comment lines whatsoever. As you can see, this screenshot captures only a fraction of the scripting behind this command.
Because the boss (Garlyle) can dodge, block, and even parry incoming basic attacks, ranmaster27 had to manually script (through built-in “Event Commands”) the boss’s responses to these outcomes, including their animations.

This makes the combat in his demos uniquely dynamic, exciting, and extremely visually appealing. The work of ranmaster27 is what inspired me to implement dynamic battle animations into Deep Graves.

Space Funeral

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (5)

Space Funeral is one of the ‘Big Three’ RPG Maker 2003 games, along with the next game I’ll be discussing. Developed by thecatamites, the game has achieved cult success, and is perhaps best known for its strange art and music, along with its distinct sense of humor.

The game boasts a unique, and extremely bizarre art style. The main character, Phillip, is a purple man-child, wearing striped pajamas, who is in a state of perpetual weeping.
The first (and only) side character you recruit into your party is Leg Horse, who is, as his name suggests, a horse made entirely of legs.

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (6)

the unlikely heroes of Space Funeral.

The game’s soundtrack comprises a strange, schizophrenic collection of spoken poetry, obscure Japanese noise rock from the 1970s, and music created by Paddy Kingsland of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop. Many of these tracks have become synonymous with Space Funeral.

In reference to the game’s bizarre design philosophy, thecatamites said,

“[Space Funeral’s design] wasn’t so much about the sprites or art in particular of RPG Maker, so much as a kind of classicist way of dealing with that stuff – which is like the idea that video games reached their peak in the output of a few large companies in the 90s, and ever since it’s all anyone can do to ape those things as closely as possible [sic]. . .
Most of what I like about RPG Maker games comes from when [they] break from tradition, usually in some small way, like somebody using their favorite metal song for a battle theme or something” (Interview with thecatamites).

Space Funeral was a major inspiration for me, in terms of opening my eyes to the fact that it’s possible to design extremely non-traditional characters and storylines, while still making them interesting, and internally consistent.
In other words, not every JRPG has to obey the conventions defined by the Final Fantasy series.


Created by Mortis Ghost, a French artist and game developer, OFF is an atmospheric experience – one that’s difficult to explain.
Much like Space Funeral, OFF inspired me to take a more non-traditional approach to story writing, and character designs. However, unlike Space Funeral, which takes a more comedic approach to its story and game design, OFF is more serious in tone.

Other than that, most of the points I brought up with Space Funeral apply here, but there’s one important caveat to my experience with OFF
I do not like its combat.

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (7)

To be fair, OFF‘s combat is more of an afterthought – a backdrop, if you will – to its puzzles, level progression, and story. Still, I find that its combat is extremely repetitive, and unsatisfying.
The (battle) graphics, though extremely visually appealing, thanks to the beautiful artwork of Mortis Ghost, are relatively static. Combat lacks consequence, and as a result, doesn’t feel particularly rewarding.
The catchiness of OFF‘s battle theme helps distract you from the tedious gameplay.

Although I love the story writing and aesthetic of OFF, its lackluster combat was a huge inspiration for me – in terms of motivating me to do better.
I hope to make the combat of my game rewarding, and enjoyable.

Why I’m Using RPG Maker 2003

RPG Maker 2003, and My Inspirations as a Game Developer – The Anatomy of Art and Game Development (8)

an in-engine screenshot of one of the tutorial maps in Deep Graves.

I’m primarily an artist, and my coding experience in C++ is related more so to coding algorithms than it is to coding game mechanics.
I was also heavily inspired by the likes of OFF and Space Funeral, and since I already had some experience dabbling with the software throughout much of my adolescence, RPG Maker 2003 was a fairly obvious choice for developing my first proper game.

By developing my game in this engine, I’ve been able to spend the majority of my time on the artistic elements of the game’s design.
This includes visual elements like the portrait graphics, overworld sprites, battle animations, and area tilesets, as well as story elements, like plot, and character writing (dialogue).

Of course, some light ‘coding’ will be required for my game, in the form of the previously highlighted “Event Command” scripting.
Scripting in RPG Maker 2003 is pretty easy though, and hardly comparable to most programming languages. Plus, the learning curve is fairly shallow, since the Event Commands are inherently high-level (i.e. they’re closer to spoken, human language – scripts in RPG Maker 2003 read like English sentences).


Well, that’s all for this week’s post(s). I’ll see you all next week, where I’ll be talking at greater length about Deep Graves. If you’re interested in my game, make sure to stay tuned!

And as always, thanks for reading.


  1. Interview with thecatamites. (n.d.). Fuckyeahspacefuneral (Tumblr). Retrieved March 24, 2021, from https://fuckyeahspacefuneral.tumblr.com/post/33592319469/more-to-the-bloody-lakes-cryptic-npcs-and
  2. Nathan, S. N. (2011, September 7). Nobuo Uematsu bei einer Signierstunde in der Kölner Philharmonie 2011 [Photograph]. Wikipedia. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nobuo_uematsu_001.jpg
  3. RPG Maker 2003. (2007, February 18). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RPG_Maker_2003


All information in these posts is my own words, unless explicitly stated otherwise. None of this information is quoted, nor paraphrased, unless explicitly stated otherwise. Any similarities between my own words, and the informative sources/hyperlinks provided is purely coincidental, unless explicitly stated otherwise.
In any case where I am using someone else’s words (or imagery), the source will be cited internally, with a link to that source provided either within the internal citation, at the end of the post under “Sources,” or both.

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